In India, education as a whole is managed by both the Union Government and the State Governments. While some responsibilities are taken care of by the Union Government, the State Government takes the autonomy of others. Our Indian Constitution gives the provision of the Right to Education to all its citizens. Education in India comes under the control of The National Council of Educational Research and Training, popularly known as NCERT, an apex body set up by the Indian Government headquartered in New Delhi. NCERT assists and advises the Central and State Government in matters related to school education.
The primary objective of the NCERT is to undertake, promote, aid and coordinate research in areas related to school education. Some functions of NCERT are Development, Research, Extension, Training, Publication and Dissemination and Exchange Programmes. It also drafts, publishes and recommends school textbooks from Classes 1 to 12 for various subjects based on the recommendations of the knowledgeable faculty in those particular subjects.
The various curriculum bodies governing school education in India are
- State Government Boards
- Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)
- Council for The Indian School Certificate Examinations (ICSE)
- National Institute of Open Schooling Board (NIOS)
Among all the Education Boards established in India, the most prominent Board is the CBSE Board. CBSE Board marks are widely accepted across all universities irrespective of the course you are opting for.
After CBSE, CISCE is considered the most recognized board. CISCE Board conducts ICSE Class 10 and ISC Class 12 exams. Like CBSE, students studying in ICSE and ISC Board can find the relevant study materials from their official website such as syllabus, ISC Specimen Paper, etc.
Role of CBSE in Educational Institutions
The Central Board of Secondary Education was established on 1st July 1962, situated in New Delhi. It is an autonomous body managed by the Government of India. The CBSE Board believes in teaching-learning methodologies. It devises the curriculum in such a way that is based on student-centered paradigms. It also focuses on bringing reforms in the examination and evaluation process.
Importance of CBSE Board
CBSE is considered one of the most preferred Boards in India, which follows the national curriculum with the additional subject. The Board conducts two examinations – All India Secondary School Examination for Class 10 and All India Senior School Certificate Examination for Class 12. The NCERT authorises the Board to prescribe textbooks to all the affiliated schools.
The syllabus of CBSE is more student-friendly when compared to other Boards. Under the CBSE syllabus, Secondary subjects like Environmental Education are not compulsory and subjects such as Physics, Chemistry and Biology fall under the category of Science. History, Geography and Civics fall under Social Sciences. Along with the syllabus, the Board also prepares CBSE Sample Papers, CBSE Important Questions, etc for the benefit of the students.
The education gained in CBSE Board is extremely helpful while preparing for competitive exams. It aims to impart quality education while also considering the physical and mental growth of students and a holistic approach to education. It has higher standards that provide immense exposure through projects and problem-solving methodology. It is largely based on reasoning and analytical ability.
Students who study at CBSE Board get all the study materials handy on their official website. It provides previous year question papers, exam timetable, sample paper for all the classes such as CBSE Sample papers for Class 9 etc so that students can score well in their exams.